Friday, October 2, 2009

Mahatma Gandhi (1869 – 1948) Was Born

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) was the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non-violence—which led India to independence and has inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Gandhi is commonly known around the world as Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: 'Great Soul') and in India also as Bapu (Gujarati: 'Father'). He is officially honoured in India as the Father of the Nation; his birthday, 2 October, is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

- Wikipedia

Lesson Plan Information
Title: The relationship between Martin Luther King's teachings on nonviolence and those of Mohandas K. Gandhi.
Objectives: Students will:
- examine the philosophy of nonviolence developed by Martin Luther King, Jr.,
- consider how this philosophy was translated into practice during the Civil Rights Movement,
- explore the relationship between King's teachings on nonviolence and those of Mohandas K. Gandhi.
Grade Level: 6-8
Subject: Philosophy, US history, world history, civil rights, human rights
Materials: Computers with access to the Internet.
Time Needed: Two 50-minute class periods
Provided by: EDSITEment / National Endowment for the Humanities
Year: 2002

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